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September 22, 2017

Tillerson to meet Arab ministers over Qatar boycott

Tillerson to meet Arab ministers over Qatar boycott
'Saudi King Salman greets US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson ahead of their meeting in Jeddah on July 12, 2017' - By: SPA STRINGER

'Qatari Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al-Thani has become the symbol of Qatari resistance during the month-long row between Doha and a Saudi-led coalition' AFP / KARIM JAAFAR
"'Qatari Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al-Thani has become the symbol of Qatari resistance during the month-long row between Doha and a Saudi-led coalition'"

Jeddah (Saudi Arabia) (AFP) - US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson, touring the crisis-hit Gulf for a round of intense shuttle diplomacy, arrived in Saudi Arabia Wednesday for talks with four Arab states boycotting Qatar.

Tillerson will meet with the foreign ministers of Saudi Arabia, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain in Jeddah in an attempt to mend fences between the crucial US allies.

But in a setback to his efforts, the four Arab states -- which accuse Doha of supporting extremism -- on Tuesday quickly dismissed a counter-terrorism deal signed between Qatar and the United States as "insufficient".

The crisis has presented Tillerson, well known in the Gulf from his former role as chief of energy giant ExxonMobil, with his first big challenge as Washington's top diplomat.

While President Donald Trump welcomed the Arab states' air and land blockade of their gas-rich neighbour, the US State Department has taken a more neutral position and Tillerson is seeking to broker a diplomatic solution.

Tillerson, who is spending much of this week in the Gulf seeking to end the dispute, had an audience with Saudi King Salman at the royal court on Wednesday after arriving in Jeddah.

He passed on "greetings from President Trump".

"He wanted to ensure that I extend to you his warmest regards," Tillerson told the Saudi ruler.

The United States and its Western allies have vast economic and political interests in the Gulf, which pumps one fifth of the world's oil supplies.

While Saudi Arabia is a key US ally, Qatar is home to the US military's largest air base in the region, Al-Udeid. Rival Bahrain houses the US Navy Fifth Fleet.

On Tuesday, after a stop in regional mediator Kuwait, Tillerson travelled to Doha where he described Qatar as being "reasonable" in its dispute with the four states.

He also signed a deal which he said "lays out a series of steps the two countries will take over the coming months and years to interrupt and disable terror financing flows and intensify counter-terrorism activities globally."

The deal meant Qatar was "the first to respond" to Trump's call at a summit in Riyadh earlier this year "to stop the funding of terrorism", Tillerson said, suggesting such deals could be signed with the other Arab states as a step toward ending the crisis.

'Insufficient' step

But Tuesday's initiative was brushed aside by the Arab countries that imposed sanctions on Qatar last month.

"This step is insufficient," said a joint statement published by Saudi state news agency SPA, adding that the four states would "carefully monitor the seriousness of Qatari authorities in combating all forms of financing, supporting and harbouring terrorism."

Commitments made by Qatari authorities "cannot be trusted," the statement added, citing previous agreements that have allegedly not been honoured.

The Saudi-led bloc has issued a list of 13 demands for Qatar including closing broadcast giant Al-Jazeera, downgrading ties to Iran and shutting a Turkish military base in Doha.

The four countries on June 5 announced sanctions, effective immediately, against Qatar over accusations Doha supported Islamist extremism and was too close to Iran.

They severed all diplomatic ties, suspended transport links with Doha and ordered all Qataris to return home within 14 days.

Qatar refused to comply with the ultimatum and has consistently denied accusations of ties to Islamist groups.

Tillerson's visit is the latest in a series by officials to the region, including UN diplomats and the foreign ministers of Germany and Britain, to try to resolve the row.

In a sign of the magnitude of the challenge facing Tillerson, a columnist in Saudi Arabia known for expressing views similar to those of the palace even cast doubt over the US diplomat's impartiality.

"The secretary of state can take Qatar's side if he wants to, but he has to realise that he will be further complicating an already complex matter and prolonging the crisis," Abdulrahman al-Rashed wrote in Saudi daily Arab News.

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